Keeping it Current: Web Scraping AJAX Pages, and Why it Helps
From stock market prices to fantasy football statistics, there’s no shortage of applications for web scraping. Web scraping is a powerful tool for businesses today, as the practice allows you to scout the web for desired data and extract it from each URL. The only problem is: some pages are harder to scrape than others.
What is AJAX Web Scraping?
Simply put, AJAX is an efficient way to create web pages with dynamic content. It works by trading smaller packets of data with the server on the backend, making it easier to update continuously without refreshing the page.
Some common examples of AJAX pages are:
- Google Maps
- Stock market prices
Plenty of other websites use AJAX formatting to keep their pages current, and they must be scraped each time their data points change. Otherwise, the data that scrapers retrieve will quickly become outdated and will be useless to the decision-makers that rely on them.
How to Scrape AJAX Pages
For conventional static pages, web scraping entails the following general steps:
- Identify the site you wish to scrape.
- Gather the URLs of the pages you intend to scrape.
- Request the HTMLs of each page from their URLs.
- Use selectors to locate the desired data point within each HTML.
- Consolidate the data points into a single organized format like a JSON or CSV file.
Tools for AJAX Web Scraping
Multiple tools exist to help you scrape an AJAX webpage. The most common AJAX web scraping modules are:
- Beautiful Soup
Identifying the Request
The “Developer Tools” box should appear on your screen with a “Network” tab and XHR subsection to follow. You may need to refresh the page for this subsection to populate.
Under the “Headers” tab, the field “Form Data” can be found. This contains the AJAX request. The amount of code here can be daunting, but the parameters designating the request and endpoint are all that are needed to form your web scraper.
Formatting the Response
Now that you have identified the server request, the next step is to see how your data point response is returned. This can be found under the “Response” tab. It will reveal the format in which your data is returned — likely a JSON format or something similar. With the output parameter and response format identified, you may configure your scrapers accordingly.
Creating Your Web Scraper
Once the server request parameter and the response format have been found, you are ready to write your web scraper. The contents of your scraper will depend greatly on the application.
If written in Python (other languages would work similarly), a general outline would look as follows:
- Create a project.
- Create a Virtualenv.
- Install a requests library and create a Python file.
- Open the Python file using your favorite text editor (Sublime, Atom, Vim, etc.).
- Create a function that replicates the AJAX server request parameter.
- Create another function that parses the response — perhaps using Beautiful Soup or a CSS selector.
- Create a function that repeats the process for each page you intend to scrape.
- Designate a location for your newly scraped data to be stored.
Rayobyte: Setting Your Scrapers up for Success!
Whether you’re web scraping AJAX web pages or static ones, your scraping system will still depend on one crucial element to thrive: residential proxies. Many sites have privacy mechanisms that prevent the use of web scrapers and may ban users if they’re found extracting their data. By providing alternative IP addresses, an effective residential proxy network aids in ban prevention, giving you access to the data you need to guide your decisions.
At Rayobyte, we’re committed to two things: the success of our clients, and ethically sourced proxy acquisition — and the two go hand-in-hand. We’re known for our custom solutions and personal attention to each client. Our own CEO even works one-on-one with some customers.
Part of that includes ethical proxy acquisition, which we’ve set the bar for. All of our partners can limit the terms of their residential proxy usage and opt out at any time. Contact us to learn more about our proxy acquisition policies, or get started today for the proxies you need for an effective AJAX scraping system.
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